Urology focuses on the urinary systems of males and females, as well as on the reproductive system of males. Urology covers most areas of the urinary system which include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, prostate and male reproductive organs.
Urology combines management of medical problems such as urinary tract infections (UTI), kidney stones, (prostate enlargement, incontinence) and erectile dysfunction as well as conditions requiring surgical intervention. Surgical treatments include surgical management of cancer (of the bladder, prostate, kidney, adrenal and male reproductive organs), removal of kidney stones and correcting urinary incontinence as well as pelvic or bladder prolapse.
Urology is closely related to oncology, nephrology and gynecology.
What is a Urologist?
Medical professionals specializing in the field of urology are called urologists. They are trained to diagnose, treat and manage urologic disorders.
There are a number of reasons why people may want to seek advice, diagnostics or treatment from a specialist in urology. People who suffer from malformations of the urinary tract may require surgery to correct these conditions. Diseases of the kidneys, bladder infections that don’t resolve, formation of bladder or kidney stones, (prostate problems), erectile dysfunction, or incontinence can all be reasons to see a urologist.